Male prostatitis can be bacterial or non-bacterial. The cause of the first are various pathogens: staphylococci, streptococci, gonococci, etc. Non-bacterial prostatitis occurs due to the influence of factors that create stagnation of blood in the pelvic area.
When the first signs of inflammation of the prostate appear, it is urgent to consult a urologist. Only a specialist can determine the presence and type of prostatitis and prescribe its therapy with certain drugs.
Medical treatment of prostatitis in men is considered to be the most effective solution for getting rid of this dangerous ailment. It aims to:
- eliminate the causes of the disease;
- stop the inflammatory process in the prostate gland;
- to relieve pain and spasms.
There are several groups of drugs used in the drug therapy of the disease.
Drug therapy for inflammation of the prostate gland is carried out using various groups of drugs. However, only a doctor decides in each case how to treat prostatitis in men with drugs. He selects the necessary funds based on the form of the disease and the nature of its course.
In most cases, the treatment is carried out with:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- pain relievers;
- hormonal agents;
- alpha blockers;
- muscle relaxants.
Medicines used in the treatment of prostatitis are used in various combinations, both in the acute form of the disease and in its chronic stage.
Antibiotics and NSAIDs
Antibiotics are prescribed to destroy the pathogenic bacteria that caused the disease and relieve an acute or chronic inflammatory process. The release form of these drugs can be tablets, capsules, injections, rectal suppositories.
In men, the treatment of acute prostatitis can be carried out with the following antibacterial drugs from the group of fluoroquinolones, which have a broad spectrum of action.
For the treatment of chronic prostatitis, it is more advisable to use antibiotics from the group of tetracyclines or macrolides.
The average course of using antibiotics for prostate inflammation is 2-3 weeks.
In case of ineffective antibiotic therapy or in case of a non-bacterial nature of the disease, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed.
NSAIDs actively suppress any inflammation, relieve swelling well and have pronounced analgesic properties. Due to the negative effect of these drugs on the patient's digestive system, short-term courses of their use at weekly intervals are recommended.
With prostatitis in men, there is a decrease in the erectile function of the penis. To restore it and normalize the endocrine system, hormone therapy is prescribed. It is also necessary to eliminate the inflammatory process in the affected organ.
Prostatitis often causes urinary problems. Relaxation of the muscles is necessary to facilitate the flow of urine. For this purpose, the doctor prescribes the intake of alpha-blockers.
The drugs act on the sympathetic nervous system, which is needed to control the smooth muscle tone of the bladder and urethra. After taking drugs of this group, the muscles relax, spasms are eliminated, and urine production is normalized. In addition, funds are needed to eliminate inflammation and pain when urinating.
Therapy of prostatitis with medicines of this group is carried out for a long time. They are usually appointed for at least six months.
After taking antibiotics for prostatitis, the body is in a weakened state. Along with harmful microorganisms, useful microflora is also killed. During this time, a man is more susceptible to infections. To reduce the likelihood of dangerous consequences, complications, viral and bacterial diseases, the necessary vitamins, elements and minerals are prescribed.
To strengthen the body, the intake of immunomodulators is important. They help to increase not only local immunity, but also the protection of the body as a whole.
To reduce muscle tone, muscle relaxants are prescribed. They normalize the blood flow so that the juice from the prostate gland is released completely. In addition, the funds are able to eliminate the pain syndrome.
When prostatitis occurs, many men experience severe pain syndrome, pain at the time of urine production. All drugs with which treatment is carried out, in one way or another, affect the source of pain. However, they are not always able to completely cope with unpleasant sensations.
With a severe pain syndrome, painkillers are indicated.
The drugs are available in both tablet and injectable form. Doctors note that it is best to act on the source of pain in liquid form. On the basis, enemas are done. The composition quickly gets to the source of pain, which helps to cope with the pain syndrome in a short period of time.
A feature of prostatitis is not only the appearance of physiological changes. With a disease, a man suffers from a decrease in potency, problems with erectile function. The penis isn't always ready for intimacy.
Men start to worry a lot about this. After all, violations in the sexual sphere for many patients are one of the most serious manifestations of the disease. Therefore, the patient's psyche suffers.
To restore the nervous system, sedatives are needed. They are also necessary if in everyday life a man often has to be nervous and live in stressful situations. Such phenomena negatively affect the already weakened organism.
If severe mental disorders are noted, tranquilizers are needed.
It is worth remembering that sedatives are taken for a short time. After all, the body can get used to the constant intake of active ingredients. If the dosage is exceeded, various complications may appear.
There are also other drugs prescribed for prostatitis. But they are not considered essential remedies in the course of treatment.
Anticholinergic drugs are needed to normalize the process of urination, blood circulation and increase potency.
It is possible to reduce the swelling of the tissues of the prostate gland with the help of antihistamines. But it is worth remembering that such funds are powerful. Therefore, it is prescribed exclusively by a doctor.
All drugs require a specific dosage regimen. It must be issued by a urologist when prescribing the stages of treatment.
Drug treatment of prostatitis is carried out with the mandatory use of rectal suppositories. Suppositories are more acceptable dosage forms, as they act directly on the source of inflammation. In this case, pain and negative processes are quickly eliminated.
Dissolving in the rectum, the components are immediately delivered from the bloodstream to the diseased organ. That is, the effect occurs after 15-20 minutes. This is especially true when the pain of inflammation becomes unbearable.
Unlike suppositories, the same tablets or capsules first enter the stomach, then, dissolving, they pass through the liver, losing some of the beneficial substances and properties.
In addition, suppositories are considered safer forms of drugs, as they do not affect the functioning of the kidneys and liver.
The variety of rectal suppositories is quite large. They can contain:
- beekeeping products;
- components of the prostate glands of cattle.
Suppositories are almost always coconut oil based. Thanks to him, rapid absorption of medicinal components is ensured. Many of the capsules contain vitamins and minerals that help boost immunity.
Some men can only use suppositories, tablets are prohibited due to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
Candles are introduced only after performing a cleansing enema. They must be inserted at least 2-4 cm. After the introduction, it is necessary to lie down in bed for about half an hour. The procedure can be done at home.
There are many drugs and techniques for the treatment of prostatitis. But they will only be effective in combination.
Of course, drugs for drug treatment have an effect, but recovery will come much faster if physiotherapy and folk recipes are added.