Prostatitis is usually called inflammation that causes tissue edema and covers the prostate gland in a man, located just below the bladder. The treatment of prostatitis today occurs through many modern methods, including antibiotic therapy, physiotherapy, hirudotherapy, herbal medicine, immunocorrective therapy, prostate massage, lifestyle correction.
When a patient is admitted to a medical institution, the doctor visits the patient for the reasons that caused the prostatitis. Treatment of the disease will be prescribed precisely based on what factors contributed to the onset of the disease.
Treatment of prostatitis begins with the diagnosis of the disease, which, first of all, includes an interview with a urologist. Then the doctor proceeds to examine the patient's abdomen and genitals, palpates the prostate gland with a finger, introducing it into the rectum. During this exam, the doctor can diagnose enlargement, swelling, and tenderness of the prostate gland.
After the rectal examination, the urologist invites the patient to donate sperm, urine and prostatic secretions. These tests allow you to judge the presence or absence of signs of infection. Seed cultivation is sometimes necessary.
The appointment of urodynamic studies will allow the doctor to understand how severe the effect of the disease on the urination process is.
Transrectal ultrasound and ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder allow the urologist to judge the volume and structure of the prostate gland, the volume of residual urine, the presence of a tumor or stones in the bladder, presence of a blood clot or stones in the lower third of the ureter.
Based on the above analyzes and studies, the urologist prescribes therapy for such an insidious and hardly curable disease as prostatitis. Treatment of prostatitis will give positive results only if it is complex and is selected by a competent doctor.
Antibacterial treatment of prostatitis
Due to the fact that the inflammation of the prostate gland is often infectious in nature, doctors prescribe the treatment of prostatitis as antibiotic therapy. The result of the treatment will be positive only if the urologist chooses the right therapy and the patient strictly adheres to the prescribed therapy. It should be remembered that the started course of antibiotic therapy cannot be stopped - in this way it is possible to damage not only the diseased organ, but also the whole body as a whole.
The patient should inform the doctor of any changes, sometimes not even significant ones, in her body. If the patient has not felt absolutely any changes during 2-3 days of treatment, the doctor should replace the antibiotic with another, but not cancel it.
The drugs most commonly prescribed for treatment are broad-spectrum drugs - penicillins.
In addition, modern medicine widely uses agents from the fluoroquinolone group. Microbes do not develop resistance to these drugs - this is one of the most important qualities of the group of these antibiotics.
Also, many doctors prescribe drugs from the tetracyclines group for treatment.
Such effective new generation drugs are sometimes used. They should only be used after consulting a doctor.
Antibacterial treatment of prostatitis in patients with chronic prostatitis lasts about one and a half months. In advanced cases, the treatment of prostatitis is prolonged up to 16 weeks. Occasionally, during antibiotic therapy, the patient develops intestinal dysbiosis. In this regard, the patient is prescribed to take drugs that restore the intestinal microflora.
The dosage and dosage schedule are prescribed by the urologist individually in each case.
The treatment of prostatitis through physiotherapy consists in the use of various methods, the main of which are ultrasound, laser therapy, electrical stimulation, magnetotherapy, microwave therapy, UHF, galvanization, medicinal electrophoresis, darsonvaluation, therapeutic microclictors, baths, sludge procedures.
Ultrasound is used as high frequency waves that a person cannot hear.
Laser therapy is a fairly common, almost painless method. It is the effect of laser rays on the tissues of a diseased organ or on the reflex zones.
Treatment of prostatitis with electrical stimulation is the influence of an electrical impulse current that causes muscle contractions in an organ. Electrical stimulation is divided into rectal, perineal and urethral.
Magnetotherapy is a treatment of prostatitis by exposure to a constant and alternating low-frequency magnetic field on the tissues of the affected organ.
Microwave therapy is the effect of a high frequency electromagnetic field on the affected tissues.
UHF is a complex of therapeutic measures using capacitor plates connected to tissues.
Galvanization is a treatment method through low current and low voltage power supply.
Medicinal electrophoresis is a simultaneous effect on the tissues of a direct current of low intensity and special drugs introduced into the tissue with its help. The current increases the ionic activity in the tissues, while the pharmacological effect of drugs occurs.
Darsonvaluation is a method of treatment by means of a high-frequency, low-power impulse current that is quickly extinguished with high voltage.
Medical microenemas - enemas, for which various herbal infusions and decoctions are used.
The baths used to treat the disease are prescribed general or local sedentary. During baths, different medicinal liquids of different temperatures are used.
Mud procedures - the use of healing mud. Treatments may include the use of external mud applications or the insertion of mud pads into the anus.
Leeches are a wonderful gift of nature to humanity. With the help of these living creatures, many diseases can be cured, including prostatitis. Treatment of prostatitis with leeches occurs according to the following scheme: leeches are placed on points located 3 cm from the anus (anus), and the setting should resemble the letter "X". The center of the letter is the anus, the ends of the letter are the location of the leeches.
A slightly different method of treatment is also widely used: leaving about 2 cm in each direction from the midline of the perineum, leeches are installed. It is not recommended to place leeches directly on the perineal seam. The course is about 4-5 treatment procedures. In one session, 4 leeches are used. After each session, take a 5-6 day break.
Phytotherapy is a complex of therapeutic measures with medicinal tinctures, decoctions, juices, infusions based on medicinal plants. Some of these drugs must be taken internally, while others are used externally, injected into the urethra. Herbal medicine is an additional treatment that helps the body cope with the disease faster.
Bark, seeds, roots, shoots and rhizomes of plants are usually used to make decoctions, for infusions: flowers, leaves, grass and stems. There are a huge number of recipes for preparing medicines.
One of the most popular recipes is an infusion of birch sprouts and oats mixed with a rosehip infusion (1: 1), which is taken half a glass 1 or 2 times a day.
Horse chestnut peel tincture (pour 250 ml of 25 g of finely chopped peel, insist in the dark for 10 days, shaking from time to time). After that, filter the tincture, take 30 drops 3 times a day.
Squeeze parsley juice and mix with honey (1: 1), use 2 tablespoons 3 times a day. spoons.
Immunocorrective treatment of prostatitis
Treatment of prostatitis also consists of increasing immunity and activating the body's defenses. In this case, doctors prescribe immunocorrective therapy. It includes the patient's intake of various vitamins, immunomodulators, biostimulants, herbal remedies and other means.
The use of afala by patients with chronic prostatitis, the treatment of which has been carried out comprehensively, increases the effectiveness of therapy and contributes to a longer preservation of the results obtained. The drug is well tolerated and has no contraindications. It can be combined with any other therapy. Afala is indicated for patients with category II and III A chronic prostatitis from the 1st day of treatment.
Treatment of prostatitis with a prostate massage is an unpleasant, but very effective way to cure the disease. The massage is performed by an experienced doctor. First, with the help of a gloved index finger, he feels the prostate gland, trying to fix its parameters, the degree of pain, the ratio of the right and left lobes of the gland, and also to examine the quality of the mucus in the rectum. After that, the doctor directly begins the massage procedure itself.
To avoid stagnation of blood in the prostate gland, the patient has to move a lot, walk, play sports and so on.
The onset of prostatitis is very often caused by a sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work and rare sexual intercourse. They cause blood stasis in the prostate gland. In this situation, with a therapeutic purpose, the patient is prescribed physical activity (feasible), therapeutic exercises, walks in the fresh air, a special diet, etc.
Therefore, complex treatment of patients with chronic prostatitis should include:
- antibiotic therapy (only in patients with chronic prostatitis of an infectious nature, even latent);
- symptomatic treatment to eliminate the main manifestations of the disease;
- pathogenetic therapy aimed at restoring prostatic microcirculation, restoration of drainage of the prostate glands along the excretory ducts, normalization of urination, stabilization of the immune and hormonal system, prevention of excessive formation of fibrous tissue.
There are many signs that indicate to a patient that prostatitis has "settled" in her body. The treatment of this ailment is very complex and long, giving positive results only if the patient strictly observes all the prescriptions of the urologist.